Evaluation of Leaf Spot Resistance and Agronomic Characteristics of Groundnut Advanced Breeding Lines

  • Yudiwanti Wahyu Bogor Agricultural University
  • Achmad Achmad Bogor Agricultural University
  • Wahyu Junaedi Bogor Agricultural University
Keywords: Cercospora, peanut, legumes, plant disease, high-yielding cultivar, Bogor


Leaf spot is a major groundnut disease in Indonesia and worldwidewhich has the potential to cause a yield loss of up to 60%. The use of leaf spot resistant cultivars is an easy, economical, and environmentally friendly way in groundnut cultivation to maintain high yields. The objective of the research was to evaluate the yields of 16 groundnut lines which had been developed to be leaf spot resistant and high yielding. The research was conducted in 2010 – 2011 at the Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) experimental station in Cikarawang, Indonesia. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used in the experiment. The groundnut lines evaluated were crosses between “Gajah”, a cultivar which is known to be susceptible to leaf spot, and the resistant line GPNC- WS4. Four Indonesian cultivars “Gajah”, “Jerapah”, “Zebra” and “Sima” were used as control. The results showed that selected lines demonstrated better resistance to leaf spot compared to “Gajah”. Their agronomic characteristics, such as pod number, filled pod number, pod weight, and kernel weight, were not significantly different from the control cultivars. The results of this study have provided information on groundnut leaf spot resistant lines for further evaluation.

Author Biographies

Yudiwanti Wahyu, Bogor Agricultural University
Department Agronomy and Horticulture
Achmad Achmad, Bogor Agricultural University
Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Ulin, IPB Darmaga
Campus, West Java, Indonesia 16680
Wahyu Junaedi, Bogor Agricultural University
Deparment of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Meranti, IPB Darmaga
Campus, West Java, Indonesia 16680


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