Evaluation of Leaf Spot Resistance and Agronomic Characteristics of Groundnut Advanced Breeding Lines

  • Yudiwanti Wahyu Bogor Agricultural University
  • Achmad Achmad Bogor Agricultural University
  • Wahyu Junaedi Bogor Agricultural University
Keywords: Cercospora, peanut, legumes, plant disease, high-yielding cultivar, Bogor

Abstract

Leaf spot is a major groundnut disease in Indonesia and worldwidewhich has the potential to cause a yield loss of up to 60%. The use of leaf spot resistant cultivars is an easy, economical, and environmentally friendly way in groundnut cultivation to maintain high yields. The objective of the research was to evaluate the yields of 16 groundnut lines which had been developed to be leaf spot resistant and high yielding. The research was conducted in 2010 – 2011 at the Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) experimental station in Cikarawang, Indonesia. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used in the experiment. The groundnut lines evaluated were crosses between “Gajah”, a cultivar which is known to be susceptible to leaf spot, and the resistant line GPNC- WS4. Four Indonesian cultivars “Gajah”, “Jerapah”, “Zebra” and “Sima” were used as control. The results showed that selected lines demonstrated better resistance to leaf spot compared to “Gajah”. Their agronomic characteristics, such as pod number, filled pod number, pod weight, and kernel weight, were not significantly different from the control cultivars. The results of this study have provided information on groundnut leaf spot resistant lines for further evaluation.

Author Biographies

Yudiwanti Wahyu, Bogor Agricultural University
Department Agronomy and Horticulture
Achmad Achmad, Bogor Agricultural University
Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Ulin, IPB Darmaga
Campus, West Java, Indonesia 16680
Wahyu Junaedi, Bogor Agricultural University
Deparment of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University, Jalan Meranti, IPB Darmaga
Campus, West Java, Indonesia 16680

References

Adisarwanto, T. (2001). Meningkatkan Produksi Kacang Tanah di Lahan Sawah dan Lahan Kering. 88 hal. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Adisarwanto, T., Rahmianna, A.A., and Suhartina. (1993). “Budidaya Kacang Tanah”. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Malang. Malang, Indonesia.

Allard, R.W. (1960). “Principles of Plant Breeding”. 1st ed. John Wiley and Son. New York. 483 pp.

Baring, M.I. (2014). “Breeding Peanut to Improve Disease Resistance and Peanut Quality for Stable, Profitable Production”. Texas A & M University. https://portal.nifa.usda.gov/web/ crisprojectpages/ 0214725-breeding-peanut-to-improve-disease-resistance-and-peanut-quality-for-stable-profitable-production.html [1 June 2016].

Central Bureau of Statistics. (2015). Harvested Area, Yield Rate, and Production of Peanut by Province. http://www.bps.go.id. [3 May 2016].

Hutagalung, J.C.S.B.Y. (1998). Path analysis on yield component of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia (in Bahasa Indonesia).

Gupta, K., Kayam, G., Faigenboim-Doron, A., Clevenger, J., Ozias-Akins, P., and Hovav, R. (2016). Gene expression profiling during seed-filling process in peanut with emphasis on oil biosynthesis networks. Plant Science 248, 116-127.

Jackson, G. (2015). Early and late leaf spot of groundnut. African Soil Health. http://africasoilhealth.cabi.org /wpcms/ wp-content/uploads/2015/02/8-legumes-leaf-spot-of-groundnut.pdf [10 January 2016].

Kasno, A. (1993). “Pengembangan Varietas Kacang Tanah”. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Malang. Malang.

Kasno, A. (2006). Prospek Pengembangan Kacang Tanah di Lahan Kering Asam dan Lahan Pasang Surut. http://balitkabi.litbang.deptan.go.id [27 May 2015].

Khera, P., Pandey, M.K., Mallikarjuna, N., Sriswathi, M., Roorkiwal, M., Janila, P., Shilpa, K., Sudini, H., Guo, B., and Varshney, R.K. (2014). Development of introgression lines and advanced backcross QTL analysis for disease resistance, oil quality and yield component traits in peanut. Meeting Abstract. Advanced in Arachis through Genomics and Biotechnology (AAGB) meeting, November 10-14, 2014, Savannah, Georgia.

Kusumo, Y.W.E. (1996). Genotypic analysis on resistance of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to late leaf spot disease caused by Phaeoisariopsis personata (Berk. & Curt) v. Arx. Thesis. Graduate School, Bogor Agricultural University (in Bahasa Indonesia).

Rohaeni, W.R., Trikoesoemaningtyas, and Wirnas, D. (2010). Estimation on genetic parameters and selection of Rils F6 soybean derived from SSD for tolerance to low light intensity. Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/ handle/ 123456789/68881

Semangun, H. (1991). “Penyakit-penyakit Tanaman Pertanian di Indonesia”. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta. 449 pp.

Sumarno and Slamet, P. (1993). Fisiologi dan pertumbuhan kacang tanah In “Kacang Tanah” (A. Kasno, A. Winarto and Sunardi, Eds.) pp. 24- 30. Monograph Balittan Malang no 12. Balittan. Malang.

Stalker, H.T. and Beute, M.K. (1993). Registration of four leaf spot-resistant peanut germplasm lines. Crop Science 33, 1117.

Nutsugah, S.K., Abudulai, M., Oti-Boateng, C., Brandenburg, R.L., and Jordan, D.L. (2007). Management of Leaf Spot Diseases of Peanut with Fungicides and Local Detergents in Ghana. Plant Pathology Journal 6, 248-253.

Trustinah (1993). “Biologi Kacang Tanah”. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Malang. Malang.

Tsatsia, H. and Jackson, G. (2016). Strengthening Integrated Crop Management Research in the Pacific Islands In Support of Sustainable Intensification of High Value Crop Production. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Project PC/2010/090 http://www.pestnet.org/fact_sheets/peanut_leaf_spots_036.pdf [1 June 2015].

Wellburn, A.R. (1994). The spectral determination of chlorophylls a and b, as well as total carotenoids, using various solvents with Spectrophotometers of different resolution. Journal of Plant Physiology 144, 307-313.

Yudiwanti, Sastrosumarjo, S., Hadi, S.,Karama,S., Surkati, A., and Mattjik, A.A. (1998). Korelasi genotipik antara hasil dengan tingkat ketahanan terhadap penyakit bercak daun hitam pada kacang Tanah. Bulletin Agronomi 26, 16-21.

Yudiwanti, Wirawan, B., and Wirnas, D. (2007). Correlation among chlorophyll content, resistance to leaf spot, and yield of peanut. Proceeding of National Seminar on Biotechnology and Plant Breeding. Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor. p. 316-319. (In Bahasa Indonesia).

Zharare, E., Asher, C.J., Blamey, F.P.C., and Dart, P.J. (1993). Pod development of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in solution culture. Plant and Soil 155/156, 355-358.

Published
2016-10-01