Optimizing Sago Land Utilization by Intercropping with Eggplants, A Study at Tanjung Peranap Village, Meranti Island, Riau, Indonesia

  • Fatimatus Zuhro Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Fatimatus Zuhro Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • M.H. Bintoro Djoefrie Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: cropping pattern, sago palms, Metroxylon sago, Solanum melongena

Abstract

 Sago palms are the main food crops in eastern part  of Indonesia. Sago productivity can reach 20 to 40
per ha per year, and the trees can be harvested when
they are 10 years of age. Due to long duration before
harvesting it is important that sago growers could
grow annual food crops. The objective of study is to
determine the growth of sago palm intercropped with
eggplants, and how intercropping aff ects each crop
grown as monoculture. The study was carried out
from March to July 2018 at Tanjung Peranap Village,
Meranti Island District, Riau Province, Indonesia.
The experiment was organized in a completely
randomized block design with two replications, with
sago palm and eggplant as monoculture and as inter
cropping. The results demonstrated that young sago
palm did not suppress eggplant growth and vice
versa. Therefore, eggplants can be planted between
young sago palms.

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Published
2020-02-27