Assessment of Morphological Attributes of Sago Palm Accessions of Aimas, Sorong, West Papua, Indonesia

  • Veronica Fathnoer Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Mochamad Hasjim Bintoro Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Iskandar Lubis Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: starch, eastern Indonesia, Metroxylon sago

Abstract

Sago palm has the highest starch content compared
to the other source of carbohydrate crops such as
cereal and tuberous crops. Sago palm can produce
about 200-400 kg per trunk after 7 to 10 years. This
research aimed to characterize several sago palm
accessions in Aimas, Sorong District, West Papua
Province, Indonesia. Eight sago palm accessions
were studied, Waruwo, Wasulagi, Wasenan, Wayuluk,
Wagelik, Wanegles, Wawun and Wafabala. Among
these accessions, there were many diff erences
based on trunk morphological characteristics which
includes trunk height, diameter, circumference, and
bark thickness, leaf number, length of rachis, length
of petiole, and spine. Five accessions with potential
yield of more than 200 kg dry starch per sago trunk
are Waruwo, Wasulagi, Wasenan, Wayuluk and
Wagelik. Stem morphological characters aff ect palm
sago production, because the starch is located in the
pith of the stem.

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Published
2020-02-27