Correlations of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Pigments and Total Flavonoids of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaves in the Vegetative and Generative Phases

  • Rasmani Rasmani Postgraduate School, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia.
  • Sandra Arifin Aziz Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, IPB Dramaga Campus, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Ketty Suketi Tropical Biopharmaca Research Center
Keywords: bioactive compound, growth phase, indicator leaf, leaf position, nutrient concentration


Moringa oleifera is universally known as the miracle plant or the tree of life. Moringa leaf extract contains phenolic acids and flavonoids, especially flavonols (quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin glycosides) and flavones (apigenin). This study aimed to elucidate any correlations between nutrient, pigment, and flavonoid concentrations for different leaf positions and different growth phases. The results showed that pigment and total flavonoid concentrations increased from the 1st leaf to the 5th leaf, while nutrient concentration decreased. Pigment concentration, total flavonoid, and nutrient concentration were higher in the vegetative phase than the generative phase. The concentration of nutrients in the generative plants displayed a significant positive correlation with chlorophyll concentration. The 1st to 5th leaf of the vegetative plants can be used as indicator leaves for tissue analysis of the moringa plant.


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