Agronomic Performance and Selection of Doubled-Haploid Rice Lines for Rainfed Lowland Paddy Field

  • Rojino da Cunha Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agriculture University (IPB University). Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia.
  • Bambang Sapta Purwoko Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agriculture University (IPB University). Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia.
  • Iswari Saraswati Dewi Indonesian Center for Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources Research and Development (ICABIOGRAD). Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 3A, Bogor 16111, West Java, Indonesia
  • Willy Bayuardi Suwarno Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agriculture University (IPB University). Jl. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia.
Keywords: Doubled-haploid, rainfed rice, selection index, yield component

Abstract

Rainfed lowland rice cultivation is an alternative to increase national rice production. Breeding of high yielding rice varieties suitable for rainfed lowland condition can be accelerated by using doubled-haploid (DH) as genetic materials. This study aimed at obtaining information on the agronomic performance including yields in several DH rice lines and selecting DH lines suitable for rainfed lowland paddy field. The experimental design used was a Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications. The treatment was thirty DH lines and 4 check varieties namely RJ31 Ciherang, RJ32 Inpari 18, RJ33 Inpari 40, and RJ43 Inpari 41. The results showed that there were variability in all agronomic performances, i.e., plant height, number of tillers, days to heading and to harvest, panicle length, number of filled and empty grains, 1000-grain weight and grain yield. The DH lines, namely RJ19 DR8-43-3-1 and RJ25 DR10-14-1-1, gave the same productivity as 4 check varieties. Index selection showed that twelve DH lines with medium number of productive tillers, early maturing, and productivity of more than 4.40 tons.ha-1 were selected for further evaluation.

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Published
2020-10-15