Screening of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Genotypes for Acid Tolerance Based on Morpho-physiological and Yield Associated Traits
Onion is one of the most valuable vegetable crops grown all over the world, but its production is severely affected by abiotic stresses like drought, waterlogging, and the acidic nature of the soil. An experiment was conducted to study the morphological and yield contributing characters of four onion genotypes (Indian Onion-1, Indian Onion-2, Indian Onion-3, and Local onion) in the acidic soil condition at Sylhet region, Bangladesh. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Results showed that four genotypes of onion differed significantly for all the morphological and yield characters. The total yield was positively correlated with plant height, bulb fresh weight, bulb diameter, bulb length, leaf sheath fresh weight, leaf sheath dry weight, root fresh and dry weight. Considering yield and yield attributing traits, Indian Onion-2 performed better in acidic soil and had the highest in bulb fresh weight (72.60 g), total yield (1.78 t.ha-1), and moisture content, followed by Indian Onion-3. Therefore, Indian Onion-2 can be selected as the best genotype for acidic soil in the Sylhet region, Bangladesh.
Ahmed, S., Rahim, M.A., Moniruzzaman, M., Khatun, M.A., Jahan, F.N., and Akter, R. (2020). Effect of bulb sizes on the seed yield of two onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 18, 51-65
Anik, A. R. and Salam, M. A. (2015). Determinants of adoption of improved onion variety in Bangladesh. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development 109, 71-88.
Anjuma, M. A., Muniba, H., Muhammada, D., Balalb, R. M., and Ahmad, R. (2019). Performance of two onion (Allium cepa L.) cultivars under two different planting systems in calcareous soil. Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology 2, 54-59.
Ashok, P., Sasikala K., and Netrapal. (2013). Association among growth characters, yield, and bulb quality in onion, Allium cepa L. International Journal of Farm Sciences 3, 22-29.
Assefa, A. G, Mesgina, S. H., and Abrha, Y. W. (2015). Effect of inorganic and organic fertilizers on the growth and yield of garlic crop (Allium sativum L.) in Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 7, 80.
Begum, R. A., Jahiruddin, M., and Kader, M. A. (2015). Effects of zinc and boron application on onion and their residual effects on mung bean. Journal of Progressive Agriculture 26, 90-96.
Behairy, A. G., Asmaa, R., Mahmoud, M. R., Shafeek, A., Ali, H., and Hafez, M. M. (2015). Growth, yield and bulb quality of onion plants (Allium cepa L.) as affected by foliar and soil application of potassium. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research 4, 60-66.
Bekele, M. (2018). Effects of different levels of potassium fertilization on yield, quality and storage life of onion (Allium cepa L.) at Jimma, Southwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 1, 32-9.
Chattoo, M. A., Magray, M. M., Malik, A. A., Shah, M. D., and Chisti, J. A. (2019). Effect of sources and levels of Sulphur on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science 8, 1462-1470.
Chitdeshwari, T., Jagadeeswari, D., Gnanasundari, R., and Shukla, A. K. (2021). Foliar fertilization of copper on the growth, yield and quality of aggregatum onion (Allium cepa L.). Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences 9, 89-97.
Fikre. K., Yohannes, D. B., and Woldekirstos, A. N. (2021). Effects of blended (NPSB) fertilizer rate on growth, yield, and yield component of onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties at Jimma condition by Wolkite, Ethiopia. Agricultural and Biological Research 37, 152-157.
Gateri, M. W., Nyankanga, R., Ambuko, J., and Muriuki, A. W. (2018). Growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) as influenced by nitrogen and time of top dressing. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science 23, 1-13.
Gedam, P. A., Shirsat, D. V., Arunachalam, T., Ghosh, S., Gawande, S. J., Mahajan, V., Gupta, A. J., and Singh, M. (2022). Screening of onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes for waterlogging tolerance. Frontier in Plant Sciences 12, 727262.
Gedam, P. A., Thangasamy, A., Shirsat, D. V., Ghosh, S., and Singh, M. (2021). Screening of onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes for drought tolerance using physiological and yield based indices through multivariate analysis. Frontier in Plant Sciences 12, 600371.
Gomez, K. A., and Gomez, A. A. (1984). “Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research”. International Rice Research Institute. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 139-240.
Haque, M. A., Miah M. A. M., Hossain, S., Rahman, M. S., and Moniruzzaman. (2011). Profitability of onion cultivation in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 36, 427-435.
Islam, M. K., Alam, M. F., and Islam, A. K. M. R. (2007). Growth and yield response of onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes to different levels of fertilizers. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 36, 33-38.
Izadkhah, M., Tajbakhsh, M., Zardoshty, M. R., and Goratteph, A. H. (2011). Evaluation effects of different planting systems on water use efficiency, relative water content, and some plant growth parameters in onion (Allium cepa L.). Notulae Scientia Biologicae 2, 88-93.
Karim, S. M. R. and Ibrahim, N.R. (2013). Effect of planting time, day length, soil pH, and soil moisture on onion. International Journal of Biology, Pharmacy and Allied Sciences 2, 807-814.
Monshi, F.I., Bhuiyan, M.S.U., and Tabassum, R. (2015). Adaptability of litchi germplasm in hilly areas of Sylhet Agricultural University and screening their genetic variation by using RAPD markers. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 9, 218-227.
Nigatu, M., Alemayheu, M., and Sillassie, A. H. (2018). Optimum rate of NPS fertilizer for economical production of irrigated onion (Allium cepa L.) in Dembyia District of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology 11, 113 – 127.
Noor, S., Ullahr, M. H., and Kawocher, M. A. (2011). Effect of boron and lime on the yield of onion seed in acidic soil. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture and Environment 7, 24-30.
Paul, S. R., Islam, A. F. M. S., Maleque, M. A., Tabassum, R., and Monshi, F. I. (2021). Growth parameters and yield evaluation of tropical and temperate sweet potato genotypes under acid soil conditions. Journal of Food and Agriculture 14, 32-49.
Przygocka-Cyna, K., Barłóg, P., Grzebisz, W., and Spizewski, T. (2020). Onion (Allium cepa L.) yield and growth dynamics response to in-season patterns of nitrogen and sulfur uptake. Agronomy 10, 1146.
Rahman, H., Islam, A. F. M. S., Maleque, M. A., and Tabassum, R. (2015). Morpho-physiological evaluation of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) genotypes in acidic soil. Asian Journal of Crop Science 7, 267-276.
Rahman, M.A., Barma, N.C.D., Sarker, M.H., Sarker, M.M.R., and Nazrul, M.M.I. (2013). Adaptability of wheat varieties in strongly acidic soils of Sylhet. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 38, 97-104.
Roy, A., Islam A. F. M. S., and Tabassum, R. (2016). Morphological features and yield evaluation of onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes in acid soil. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 10, 116-124.
Sekara, A., Pokluda, R., Vacchio, L. D., Somma, S., and Caruso, G. (2017). Interactions among genotype, environment and agronomic practices on production and quality of storage onion (Allium cepa L.). a review. Horticultural Sciences 44, 21-42.
Sethupathi, S. (2019). Effect of zinc and boron on yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) in alfisol of Tamirabarni Tract. Madras Agricultural Journal 106, 293-296.
Tabassum, R., Islam, A. F. M. S., Rahman, M. M., and Monshi, F. I. (2015). Morpho-physiological features and yield attributes of soybean genotypes in acidic soil. Research Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 11, 11-20.
Tekeste, N., N. Dechassa, K,. Woldetsadik, L., Dessalegne, and Takele, A. (2018). Influence of nitrogen and phosphorus application on bulb yield and yield components of onion (Allium cepa L.). The Open Agriculture Journal 12, 195.
Wen, L., Ijenyo, M., and Abbey, L. (2021). Onion (Allium cepa L.) plant growth response to varying levels of leaf and root damages, a preliminary study. Horticulture International Journal 5, 07-110.
Yan, F., Schubert, S., and Mengel, K. (1992). Effect of low root medium pH on net proton release, root respiration, and root growth of corn (Zea mays L.) and broad-bean (Vicia faba L.). Plant Physiology 99, 415-21.
Yoldas, F., Ceylan, S., and Mordogan, N. (2019). Effect of chicken manure on yield and yield criteria of onion (Allium cepa L.) as second crop. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17, 12639-12647.
All publications by Journal of Tropical Crop Science is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.