Metabolic Profiling of Three Species of Amorphophallus (Araceae)

  • Edi Santosa Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Fatah Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Lianah Kuswanto UIN Walisongo, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Krisantini Krisantini Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: Amorphophallus, , functional food, GCMS, metabolic, phytochemicals


A study was conducted to determine the metabolic contents of corms of three species of Amorphophallus, A. muelleri, A. paeoniifolius, and A. variabilis using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) with water as polar solvent. The corms were collected from plants cultivated at the Leuwikopo Experimental Station, IPB University, Darmaga, Bogor, Indonesia. Metabolic profiling conducted at the Jakarta Regional Health Laboratory, Indonesian Ministry of Health, demonstrated that the three species of Amorphophallus vary in metabolic content, specifically for 12 compounds belonging to antioxidants, vitamins, saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytosterol, alcohol, aldehyde, and alkane. Our study had shown that metabolic profiling is a potentially useful method of differentiating or determining species markers that in turn could be efficient way for genetic conservation and development of future food source.


Datta, G., Basu, S., Das, M., Sen, A., and Choudhury, U.R. (2014). Analysis of complete nutritional profile of Amorphophallus campanulatus tuber cultivated in Howrah District of West Bengal, India. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 7, 25-29.
Dey, Y. N., and Ghosh, A. K. (2010). Evaluation of anthelmintic activity of the methanolic extract of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius tuber. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Research 1, 17-121.
GERLI Cyberlipid Centre (undated). Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes. Institut de Biologie Moleculaire des Plantes. France. [May 13, 2022]
Govaerts, R. (1995). “World Checklist of Seed Plants”. [April 2, 2021].
He, M. and Ding, N.Z. (2020). Plant unsaturated fatty acids: multiple roles in stress response. Frontiers of Plant Science 11, 1-15. DOI:
Hetterscheid, W., and Ittenbach, S. (1996). Everything you always wanted to know about Amorphophallus, but were afraid to stick your nose into. Aroideana 19, 7-13.
Keithley, J.K., Swanson, B., Mikolaitis, S.L., Mark DeMeo, M., Zeller, J.M., Lou Fogg, L., and Adamji, J. (2013). Safety and efficacy of glucomannan for weight loss in overweight and moderately obese adults. Journal of Obesity 2013, 610908. DOI:
Khan, A., Rahman, M., and Islam, S. (2007). Antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activities of tuberous roots of Amorphophallus campanulatus. Turkish Journal of Biology 31, 167-172.
Koch, K. (2017). Taxon Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch. [May 25, 2019].
Ladygina, N., Dedhyukhina, E.G., and Vainshtein, M.B. (2006). A review on microbial synthesis of hydrocarbons. Process Biochemistry 41, 1001-1014.
Lianah, Tyas, D.A., Armanda, D.T., and Setyawati, S.M. (2018). Aplikasi umbi suweg (Amorphophallus campanulatus) sebagai alternatif penurun gula darah pada penderita diabetes mellitus. Al Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology 1, 1-12.
Santosa, E., Sugiyama, N., Hikosaka, S., and Kawabata, S. (2003). Cultivation of Amorphophallus muelleri Blume in timber forests of East Java, Indonesia. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture 47, 190-197.
Santosa, E. and Sugiyama, N. (2016). Amorphophallus species in West Nusa Tenggara Island, Indonesia. Tropical Agricultural Development 60, 53-57.
Santosa, E.,Lian, C.L., Sugiyama, N., Misra, R.S., Boonkorkaew, P., and Thanomchit, K. (2017). Population structure of elephant foot yams (Amorphophallus paeniifolius Dennst. Nicolson) in Asia. PLosOne 2017, 12(6) e0180000.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180000
Sirotkin, A.V. (2021). Can konjac (Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch) and its constituent glucomannan be useful for treatment of obesity. Obesity Medicine 24, 100343.
Sugiyama, N., and Santosa, E. (2008). “Edible Amorphophallus in Indonesia”. p.125 Gadjah Mada University Press.
Vuksan, V., Jenkins, D. J., Spadafora, P., Sievenpiper, J. L., Owen, R., Vidgen, E., and Bruce-Thompson, C. (1999). Konjac-mannan (glucomannan) improves glycemia and other associated risk factors for coronary heart disease in type 2 diabetes, a randomized controlled metabolic trial. Diabetes Care 22, 913-919.