Sulfonylurea Herbicide-Resistant Study on Broadleaf Weeds in The Lowland Rice Production Center in West Java, Indonesia

  • Fitrawaty Orista Evar IPB UniversitIPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Graduate School, Study Program of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor 16680, Indonesiay (Bogor Agricultural University), Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Dwi Guntoro IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • M. A. Chozin IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • M. Yuli Irianto Provivi Pheromones Indonesia, Jakarta 10630, Indonesia
Keywords: effective dose, methyl metsulfuron, mortality, penoxulam

Abstract

Most rice growers in Indonesia use herbicides for weed control. However, intensive use of herbicides can lead to the weeds to become resistant to the chemicals. The objective of this study was to determine the resistance status of weeds Ludwigia octovalvis, Sphenoclea zeylanica, Monochoria vaginalis in lowland rice in West Java, Indonesia. The study was started by planting three species of weeds, L. octovalvis, S. zeylanica, M. vaginalis, which were then treated with metsulfuron-methyl and penoxsulam herbicides. The study was conducted from January to May 2020 at Cikabayan Experimental Greenhouse, IPB University. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The first factor was the origin of weeds, exposed weeds (Karawang and Subang), and not exposed to herbicides (Bogor); the second factor was the rates of the herbicide, i.e., 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 and 160 g. ha-1 for  metsulfuron- methyl, and 0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, and 3200 ml.ha-1 for penoxsulam. The results showed that based on the resistance ratio, S. zeylanica and M. vaginalis from Karawang and Subang, and L. octovalvis from Subang, indicated a low resistance to metsulfuron-methyl, L. octovalvis from Karawang was still sensitive to metsulfuron-methyl. L. octovalvis, S. zeylanica, and M. vaginalis from Karawang and Subang were still sensitive to penoxsulam herbicides. This information would be useful to develop a strategy of weed management for important food crops.

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Published
2022-06-27