Influence of Sowing Dates and Sowing Methods on Growth and Seed Yield of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.)

  • Md. Waliullah Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md. Mokter Hossain Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md. Habibur Rahman Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Keywords: Nigella sativa, seed yield, yield contributing traits

Abstract

Nigella sativa L. is widely used medicinal plant throughout the world. In Bangladesh it is mainly used as spices in preparing various food items. Sowing time and sowing methods are the influential factors to produce higher seed yield of black cumin. Therefore, this study was undertaken to find out a suitable sowing date and method to produce higher seed yield of black cumin. The two-factor experiment comprised with four sowing dates (1st November, 15th November, 1st December and 15th December) and two sowing methods (line sowing and broadcast seeding). The experiment was carried out following randomized complete block design with three replicates. Results showed that plant growth, yield contributing traits and yield of black cumin significantly influenced by sowing dates and methods. It was observed that the line sowing method compared to broadcast seeding and 1st December sowing among the other sowing dates exhibited higher plant growth with greater production of seed. The combine effect of sowing time and sowing methods showed significantly influenced on black cumin seed production. It was observed that the 1st December sowing with line sowing method increased the seed yield as compared to other sowing dates and methods. From the findings of this study it can be concluded that 1st December following line sowing method would maximize plant growth, yield contributing traits and seed yield of black cumin in Bangladesh.

References

Abad, F.J.H., Nezami, A., Kafi, M., and Shabahang, J. (2015). Effects of sowing time on yield of black seed (Nigella sativa l.) ecotypes under mashhad conditions. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research 12, 632–640.
Ali, M.M.K., Hasan, M.A., and Islam, M.R. (2015). Influence of fertilizer levels on the growth and yield of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.). The Agriculturists 13, 97–104.
Atta, M.B. (2003). Some characteristics of Nigella (Nigella sativa L.) seed cultivated in Egypt and its lipid profile. Food Chemistry 83, 63–68.
BBS. (2016). “Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics”. 40 pp. Statistic Division, Ministry of Planning, Government people’s Republic of Bangladesh.
El–Mekawy, M.A.M. (2012). Growth and yield of Nigella sativa L. plant influenced by sowing date and irrigation treatments. American–Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 12, 499–505.
Fahim, A.H.F., Naher, S., Wadud, M.A., and Sarker, M.B. (2017). Response of black cumin to different seed rate and sowing method. International Journal of Agricultural Papers 2, 1–6.
Giridha, K. (2015). “Effect of Sowing Time, Plant Density, Nitrogen and Phosphorus Levels on Growth, Yield and Quality of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.) in Vertisols of Andhra Pradesh”. [Thesis]. Department of Plantation, Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, College of Horticulture, Hyderabad.
Haq, M.Z., Hossain, M.M., Haque, M.M., Das, M.R., and Huda, M.S. (2015). Blossoming characteristics in black cumin genotypes in relation seed yield influenced by sowing time. American Journal of Plant Sciences 6, 1167–1183.
Islam, N., and Akhtar, R. (2013). Effect of sowing dates and sowing methods on kalonji (Nigella sativa) In “Annual Report 2011–12”. pp. 69. Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI), Directorate of Agricultural Information Pakistan
Jafari, A. (2013). The Evaluation Effects of Plant Density and Sowing Dates on Yield and Yield Components of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) under Ilam Climate Condition In “Proceedings of 2nd National Congress on Medicinal Plants”, pp 456, Tehran, Iran.
Jansen, P.C.M. (1981). “Spices, Condiments and Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia, Their Taxonomy and Agricultural Significance”. 327 pp. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation.
Koli, S.A. (2013). “Effect of Variety and Plant Spacing on Seed Yield and Yield Attributes of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.)”. [Thesis]. Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher–E–Bangla Agricultural University.
Mahmood, T., Idress, M., Aslam, M., Rehman, H.S., Akram, H.M., Sattar, A., Abbas, S., and Ferdosi, M.F.H. (2012). Growth and yield attributes of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) as affected by sowing dates and methods. Mycopath 10, 83–86.
Malhotra, S.K. (2004): Nigella. In “Handbook of Herbs and Spices” (K.V. Peter, eds.), pp. 1–19. Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
Meena, S.S., Anwer, M.M., Mehta, R.S., Lal, G., Kant, K., Sharma, Y.K., Vishal, M.K., Jingar, K.L., and Meena, S.R. (2011). Performance of Nigella (Nigella sativa L.) as influenced by sowing dates and crop geometry in semi-arid eco-system. International Journal of Seed Spices 1, 8-12.
Meena, S.S., Mehta, R.S., Lal, G., Kant, K., Sharma, Y.K., Saxena, S.N., and Anwere, M.M. (2012). Essential oil, fatty oil and seed yield of Nigella (Nigella sativa L.) as influenced by sowing dates and crop geometry. Indian Journal of Horticulture 69, 591–593.
Rahman, M.A. (2014). “Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorous on Morphological Parameters and Yield of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.)”. [Thesis]. Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher–E–Bangla Agricultural University.
Sadeghi, S., Rahnavard, A., and Ashrafi, Z.Y. (2009). Study importance of sowing date and plant density effect on black cumin (Cuminum carvi) yield. Botany Research International 2, 94–98.
Saeidnejad, A.H., Kafi, M., and Pessarakli, M. (2012). Evaluation of cardinal temperatures and germination responses of four ecotypes of Bunium persicum under different thermal conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4, 1266–1271.
Sharangi, A. B., and Roychowdhury, A. (2014). Phenology and yield of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) at different sowing dates. Journal of Plant Sciences 9, 32–42.
Tierra, M. (2005). Nigella sativa,. http://www.planetherbs.com/articles/Nigella.html [March 9, 2005].
Vaseghi, A., Ghanbari, A., Heydari, M., and Davazdahemami, S. (2013). Effect of Sowing Date and Growing Season on Agronomical Characters of Isfahanian and Indian Black Cumin In “Proceedings of 2nd National Congress on Medicinal Plants”, pp 494, Tehran– Iran.
Wallace, R.K. (2013). Modern Research on Black Cumin. http://www.doshaguru.com [July 17, 2014].
Zohary, D., Hopf, M., Weiss, E. (2012). “Domestication of Plants in The Old World: The Origin and Spread of Domesticated Plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and The Mediterranean Basin”. 251 pp. Oxford University Press. pp. 164–165.
Published
2021-07-04