Forage Potential of Plant Species Found in Various Ecosystems in Musi Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatera, Indonesia

  • Putri Irene Kanny Department Agronomy and Horticulture Graduate School, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University. Jl Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia.
  • M.A. Chozin Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Edi Santosa Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Jalan Meranti Road, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Dwi Guntoro Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Jalan Meranti Road, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Sofyan Zaman Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Jalan Meranti Road, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Suwarto Suwarto Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Jalan Meranti Road, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Ani Kurniawati Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Jalan Meranti Road, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: Balinese cattle, feed palatability, smallholder plantations


Forage is an important component in sustainable smallholder livestock. The purpose of the study was to identify the diversity of natural plant species in various ecosystems, as well as their potential as forage. Based on our surveys of palm oil plantation, rubber plantation, and home gardens using the quadrant method, we identified approximately 50 species comprising the natural vegetation of our study area. Out of 50, we identified 39 broad-leaved species, 9 grasses (Poaceae) species, and 2 sedges (Cyperaceae) species. The palm oil plantation had 29 species dominated by Ottochloa nodosa (11.92%) and Asystasia gangetica (11.40%); 25 species were found in the rubber plantation dominated by Cynodon dactylon (28.42%) and Panicum repens (9.20%), and home gardens contained 30 species dominated by Eleusine indica (13.39%) and Ageratum conyzoides (9.60%). Among the 29 species found in the palm oil plantation, 13 were observed to have low palatability scores, and 16 species have high palatability scores. Based on their high palatability scores, the following species can be utilized as forage for Balinese cattle: Cyrtococcum acrescens, Eleusine indica, Centrosema pubescens, Paspalum conjugatum, and Sida rhombifolia.


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