Leaf and Flower Characterization of Abiu (Pouteria caimito Radlk.) at Two Locations in Bogor Region, West Java, Indonesia.

  • Muhamad Ramdan Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680
  • Slamet Susanto Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680
  • Deden Derajat Matra Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680
  • Dhika Prita Hapsari Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680
Keywords: agroclimate, identification, morphology, Sapotaceae


Abiu is a species  introduced into Indonesia from the  tropics of the Amazon and has been developing for several years. Information  on the characteristics of the abiu plant are still limited compared to other introduced fruit species. This research aims to identify the characteristics of  the abiu plants in two locations in the Bogor region, West Java, Indonesia. The research was conducted at Balumbang Jaya village, the sub-district of Dramaga, the village of Mekarsari, the sub district of Cileungsi, Bogor, West Java. Further observation was conducted at Post-harvest Laboratory and Micro Technic Laboratory, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture IPB. The field study was conducted in January to July of 2018. This research was descriptive and no treatment was applied on the plant samples. Sampling was done randomly with as many as 15 plants at each location. Observations and measurements were conducted on the number of branches, leaves and flowers on 10 samples per plants. The results showed that there is morphological diversity of flowers and leaves at the two locations. The length, width, and weight of leaves and flowers in Balumbang Jaya were larger than those in Mekarsari. Different environments may contribute to the diversity of abiu leaves and flowers in the two locations.


Abreu, M. M., Nobrega, P.D.A., Sales, P.F., Oliviera, F.R.D., and Nascimento, A. A. (2019). Antimicrobial and antidiarheal activities of methanolic fruit peel extract of Pouteria caimito. Pharmacognosy Journal 11, 944-950.
Aguiar, J.P.L. and Souza, F.C.A. (2014). Soluble and insoluble fibrin some Amazonian fruit with low energi density. Food and Nutrition Sciences 5, 1415-1419.
Arif, A.B., Susanto, S., Widayanti, S. M., and Matra, D. D. (2022). Effect of ripening stage on postharvest quality of abiu (Pouteria caimito) fruit during storage. Agricultural and Natural Resources 56, 441-454.
[BMKG] Badan Meterologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika. (2018). “Data Cuaca Desember 2017 – Mei 2018”. Stasiun Klimatologi Bogor.
Campbell, R.J. and Ledesma, N. (2003). The sapodilla and green sapote’s potential in tropical America. Journal of Tropical Horticulture 46, 55-56.
Campbell, R.J., Ledesma, N., Zill, G., and Herrera, J.C. (2010). Collection pouterias (Pouteria spp.), Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota) and caimito (Chrysophyllum caimito) for the creation of new market. Journal of the American Pomological Society 6, 24-27.
Clement, C.R. (1989). A center of crop genetic diversity in Western Amazonia. Bio Science 39, 623-631.
Fernandez, I.M., Chagas, E.A., Maldonado, S.A.A., Takahashi, J.A., Aleman, R.S., Filho, A.A.M., Santos, R.C.D., Ribeiro, P.R.E., Fantes, J.A.M., Chagas, P.C., and Melo, A.C.G.R. (2020). Antimicrobial activity and acetilcolinesterase inhibition of oils and Amazon fruit extracts. Journal Medicinal Plant Research 14, 88- 97.
Franca, C.V., Perfeito, J. P. S., Resck, I. S., Gomes, S. M., Fagg, C. W., Castro, C. F. S., Simeoni, L. A., and Silveira, D. (2016). Potential radical scavenging activity of Pouteria caimito leaves extracts. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 6, 184-188.
Filho, A.A.M., Costa, A.M.D.C., Fernandez, I.M., Santos, R.C.D., Chagas, E.A., Chagas, P. C., Takahashi, J.A., and Perraz, V.P. (2018). Fatty acids, physical-chemical properties, minerals, total phenols and anti- acetylcholinesterase of abiu seed oil. Chemical Engineering Transactions 64, 1-7.
[IPGRI] International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. (1995). “Descriptors for Avocado (Persea spp.)”. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute.
Heinz, H. (1983). Some field observation on Pouteria caimito, P. campechiana, Diospyros digyna and Solanum topiro under humid tropical condition (Turrialba, Costa Rica). Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 27, 111-116.
Hovenden, M. J., and Schoor, J. K. V. (2006). The response of leaf morphology to irradiance depends on altitude of origin in Nothofagus cunninghamii. New Phytologist 169, 291-297.
Lim, T.K., and Ramsay, G. (1992). Abiu – a new fruit with potential for the Northern Territory. Acta Horticulturae 321, 99-105.
Lora, J., Testillano, P.S., Risueño, M.C., Hormaza, J.I., and Herrero, M. (2009). Pollen development in Annona cherimola Mill. (Annonaceae). Implications for the evolution of aggregated pollen. BMC Plant Biology 9, 129-139.
Love, K. and Paull, R.E. (2011). “Abiu”. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai.
Montero, I.F., Chagas, E.A., Filho, A.A.D.M., Saravia, S.A.M., Santos, R.C., Chagas, P.C., Ednalva, and Duarte, D.R.D.S. (2018). Evaluation of total phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity in amazon fruit. Chemical Engineering Transactions 64, 649-654.
Sousa, L.C.R.D., Junior, A.R.D.C., Carvalho, M.G.D., Silva, T.M.S.D., and Ferreira, R.O. (2019). UPLC-QTOF-MS analysis of extracts from the leaves of Pouteria caimito (Sapotaceae) and their antioxidant activity. Journal of Bioscience and Medicine 7, 91-101.