Grain Quality of Three Rice Genotypes Grown in Organic and Non-Organic Systems


  • Dulbari Dulbari Department of Food Plant Cultivation, Politeknik Negeri Lampung, Indonesia
  • Jaenudin Kartahadimaja Department of Food Plant Cultivation, Politeknik Negeri Lampung, Indonesia
  • Ajeng Aulia Martina Postgraduate Program, Applied Food Security, Politeknik Negeri Lampung, Indonesia
  • Edi Santosa Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB Agricultural University, Indonesia



genotype, grain quality, non-organic, organic


Grain quality is essential for assessing the overall quality of the grain produced and determining the market value of the final product. The objective of this study was to evaluate the physical quality of grains cultivated using both organic and non-organic methods. The research employed grains from red, white, and black rice genotypes planted during the third period. Each sample consisted of 100 grams, with three replicates. Data analysis involved variance testing using T and BNT tests, with a significance level set at 5%. Parameters for assessing the physical quality of grains included moisture content, empty grains, damaged kernels (yellow), calcified kernels (young kernels), foreign matter, other varieties, odors, and pests. The research took place at the Polytechnic Organic Farm and Plant Laboratory of Politeknik Negeri Lampung from January to April 2022. The findings indicated that the grain yields of red, white, and black rice genotypes quantitatively exhibited lower levels of yellow/damaged kernels and calcified/young kernels when cultivated organically compared to non-organic methods. However, for other analyses, the results did not show significant differences between the two cropping systems. Nevertheless, the grains of red, white, and black rice genotypes met the quality standards outlined in SNI 01-0224-1987, classified as grade II for organic cultivation and grade III for non-organic cultivation.


Aminah, S., Marzuki, I, and Rasyid, A (2019). Analysis of chlorine content in rice circulating in Makassar traditional markets with Volhard Argentometry Method. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Food, Technology and Entrepreneurship “Exploration of Indonesia’s Biological Natural Resources Based on Entrepreneurship in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0” Makassar, February 9, 2019.

Central Bureau of Statistics. (2020). “Population Census”. [September 1, 2020]

Darmajati, D.S., Suseno, H., and Wijandi, S. (1981). Determination of optimum harvest age for lowland rice (Oryza Sativa L.). Agricultural Research 1, 19-26.

Handayani, S., Affandi, M.A., Astuti, and Sussi. (2018). Analysis of quality characteristics of organic rice Mentik Susu and Sintanur varieties. Journal of Food System and Agribusiness 2,75-82.

Hasanuzzaman, M., Ahamed, K.U., Rahmatullah, N.M., Akhter, N., Nahar, K., and Rahman, M.L. (2010). Plant growth characters and productivity of wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) as affected by application of different manures. Food Agriculture Journal 22, 46-58.

Hernawan, E., and Meylani, V. (2016). Analysis of physicochemical characteristics of white rice, brown rice, and black rice (Oryza sativa L., Oryza nivara and Oryza sativa L. indica). Jurnal Kesehatan Bakti Tunas Husada 15, 79-91.

Kamil, J. (1979). “Teknologi Benih”. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Andalas. Padang.

Kristamtini., Taryono., Basunanda, P., Murti, R.H., (2014). Genetic diversity of local black rice cultivars based on microsatellite markers. Journal of Agro Biogen 10, 69-76.

Mardiah, Z. (2018). Rice quality and nutrient content of Inpari 24 red rice varieties grown with organic and non-organic cultivation In Proceedings of the National Seminar on Suboptimal Land 2018 October 18-19; Palembang, Indonesia. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi Palembang pp. 184-192.

Munarso, S.J., Kailaku, S.I., and Indriyani, R. (2020). Physical quality of several rice segments: subsidies, non-subsidized and imports. Standardization Journal 22, 85-94.

Priadi, D., Kuswara, T., and Soestisna, U. (2007). Organic versus non-organic rice: physiological study of rice seed (Oryza sativa L.) Rojolele local cultivars. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9, 130-138.

Putra, I.P.D., and Wardana, I.G. (2018). Analysis of factors affecting rice consumption in bali province. eJournal Ekonomi dan Bisnis University Udayana 7, 1589-1616.

Rohmat, F., Galvani, S.L., and Djaeni, M. (2012). Improvement of grain quality by drying process using natural zeolite in fluidized bed. Journal of Chemical and Industrial Technology 1, 206-212.

Saud, M., and Arsyad, M. (2020). Evaluation of quality level and quality of rice from rice milling in Duhiadaa District, Pohuwato Regency. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 8, 1.

Soejitno, J., and Ardiwinata, A.N. (1999). Pesticide Residues in Food Crops Agroecosystem. In “Towards an Environmentally Friendly Rice Production System” (S. Partohardjono, J. Soejitno, and Hermanto, eds.). Center for Food Crop Research and Development pp. 72-79

Sumartini., Hasnelly. dan Sarah., (2018). Kajian peningkatan kualitas beras merah (Oryza nivara) instan dengan cara fisik. Pasundan Food Technology Journal 5, 1.

Tombe, M. (2008). “Teknologi Aplikasi Mikroba pada Tanaman”. pupuk hayati.html. [February 12, 2022].

Utami, S.N.H., and Handayani, S. (2003). Chemical properties in organic and conventional farming systems. Agricultural Science 10, 63-69.




How to Cite

Dulbari, D., Kartahadimaja, J., Martina, A. A., & Santosa, E. (2024). Grain Quality of Three Rice Genotypes Grown in Organic and Non-Organic Systems. Journal of Tropical Crop Science, 11(01), 49–54.