Increasing Production of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) through Foliar Fertilizer Application

  • Sugiyanta Sugiyanta Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Juang Gema Kartika Bogor Agricultural University

Abstract

Chili is one of the most important spices in Indonesia; the demand for chili is increasing along with the growth of the population. Chilli is generally grown under intensive culture which includes addition of fertilizers to improve crop growth and increase crop productivity.  A study was conducted to examine seven different rates of an inorganic foliar fertilizer HF at 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.25 and 1.5 of the recommended rate, with no foliar fertilizer and a standard foliar fertilizer GD as control. The results showed that spraying foliar fertilizer HF generally improved the growth and yield of chilli compared to without fertilizer. Plant height, number of branches and number of fruits per plant, weight per fruit, weight per 10 fruits, yield per plant, yield per plot, and yield per ha of chilli treated with inorganic fertilizers was significantly higher than the without foliar fertilizer. Foliar fertilizer HF at 0.5 of the recommendation rate, or 1 kg.ha-1 foliar fertilizer applied at 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 week after planting in addition to the basic fertilizers of 400 kg.ha-1 of urea, 200 kg.ha-1 of SP-36, 250 kg.ha-1 of KCl applied to the soil, was effective to obtain the maximum chilli fruit yield.

Author Biography

Juang Gema Kartika, Bogor Agricultural University
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture

References

Ali, M. (2015). Pengaruh dosis pemupukan NPK terhadap produksi dan kandungan Capsaicin pada buah tanaman cabe rawit (Capsicum frustescens L.). Agrosains 2, 171-178.

Baloch, Q.B., Chachar, Q.I., and Tareen, M.N. (2008). Effect of foliar application of macro and micro nutrients on production of green chillies (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Agricultural Technology 4, 177-184.

Barrow, N.J. (1985). Comparing the effectiveness of fertilizers. Fertilizer Research 8, 85-90.

Brown, S.P., Treadwell, D., Stephens, J.J. and Webb, S. (2018). Florida vegetable gardening guide. UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program Publication SP 103.

Hardjowigeno, S. (2010). “Ilmu Tanah”. Akademika Pressindo. Jakarta.

Iriana, D. W., Peni, S. P., Enny, P., Mardi, T., Suhendar, Y., and Selamet, R. (2009). Ketika Pupuk Mikro Terabaikan. http://www.agrina-online.com/redesign2.php?rid= 7& aid=1888 [January 15, 2018].

Kementrian Pertanian. (2016). “Komoditas Pertanian Sub Sektor Hortikultura”. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Sekretariat Jenderal Kementrian Pertanian, Indonesia.

Lingga, P., Marsono. (2006). “Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk”. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. Indonesia.

Oosterhuis, D. (2009). Foliar fertilization: mechanisms and magnitude of nutrient uptake In “Fluid Fertilizer Foundation Meeting”, February 15-17, 2009. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arizona.

Patil, B.C., Hosamani, R.M., Ajjappalavara, P.S., Naik, B.H., Smitha, R.P., and Ukkund, K.C. (2008). Effects of foliar application of micro nutrients on growth and yield components of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science 21, 428-430.

Rosmarkam, A., and Yuwono, N. W. (2002). “Ilmu Kesuburan Tanah”. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Sari, Y., and Suketi, K. (2013). Pengaruh aplikasi GA3 dan pemupukan NPK terhadap keragaan tanaman cabai sebagai tanaman hias pot. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia 4, 157-166.

Supardi, G. (1983). “Sifat dan Ciri Tanah”. Departemen Ilmu Tanah. Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Surtapradja, H. (2008). Penggunaan pupuk multihara lengkap PML-Agro terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil cabai merah. Jurnal Hortikultura 18, 141-147.

Sutedjo, M. M. (2008). “Pupuk dan Cara Pemupukan”. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Widyanti, A.S., and Susila, A.D. (2015). Rekomendasi pemupukan Kalium pada budidaya cabai merah besar (Capsicum annuum L.) di Inceptisols Dramaga. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia 6, 65-74

Wulandari A. (2017). “Pengaruh Dosis Pupuk NPK dan Aplikasi Pupuk Daun terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Cabai Keriting (Capsicum annuum L.)”. Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, Lampung University, Indonesia.

Published
2018-02-01